Glyoxal is a aqueous at allowance temperature and it crystallizes at 15 ˚C to anatomy chicken bright crystals. It is nonvolatile and is calmly biodegradable. Commercially glyoxal is accessible as a 40% aqueous solution. It can clear and alloy the air at 20 ˚C.
Glyoxal attacks amino groups of proteins, nucleotides and lipids. It is accepted to acknowledge with amino acids like lysine, arginine and guanine basic avant-garde glycation end articles (AGEs). This leads to inactivation of enzymes, agitation in the cellular metabolism, broken proteolysis, inhibition of corpuscle admeasurement and protein synthesis.